In a report on the Sharing Economy in Greece commissioned by the Hellenic Chamber of Hotels:
The Current Regulatory Framework in Greece
In recent years, the Greek state has been active in terms of introducing legislation aimed at removing bureaucratic obstacles, simplifying procedures, and facilitating in general business growth in non-hotel accommodation establishments (e.g. villas and apartments). In this context, the following concerns arise due to the growing activity of the online platforms of the sharing economy in Greece:
- Owners cannot rent their properties to tourists for 30 days or less, unless they have met certain requirements in order to acquire the operation license issued by the Greek Tourism Organization (Laws 4254/2014, 4276/2014). Accordingly, a big concern, especially in the case of urban centres such as Athens, is to what extent all the accommodation options (e.g. residential flats) provided by the online platforms of the sharing economy comply with the limitation of 30 days or possess the relevant license. In the first case, another area of concern is whether beneficiaries pay taxes after informing the Greek state that they rent out their residential flats to tourists for more than 30 days.
- In the case of summer resorts in particular, the key concern is to what extent all the accommodation options provided by the online platforms of the sharing economy to tourists possess the operation license issued by the Greek Tourism Organisation. For all the officially registered units of non-hotel accommodation (e.g. villas, houses and apartments) in Greece, this is a matter of great importance in terms of figuring out whether they compete on a level playing field with the hosts of Airbnb and other platforms.
- A final area of concern is to what extent the apparatus of the Greek state has so far achieved to enforce the law in terms of collecting fines or imposing penalties on a variety of cases (e.g. when owners rent out their residential flats to tourists for up to 30 days, when owners rent out entire properties such as villas and secondary residences to tourists without possessing the operation license issued by the Greek Tourism Organization or for more than 3 months per year, when individuals advertise the provision of any kind of tourist services without again possessing the operation license issued by the Greek Tourism Organisation - www.visitgreece.gr).
Inside Airbnb provides data compiled from the Airbnb web-site for listings available for Athens.
A conservative occupancy model has been built in order to estimate Occupancy Rates, Income per Month and Nights per Year. More information on the methodolgy of the occupancy model can be found in the disclaimers.
Inside Airbnb: Athens uses the following parameters:
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Airbnb guests may leave a review after their stay, and these can be used as an indicator of airbnb activity.
The minimum stay, price and number of reviews have been used to estimate the occupancy rate, the number of nights per year and the income per month for each listing.
How does the income from Airbnb compare to a long-term lease?
Do the number of nights booked per year make it impossible for a listing to be used for residential housing?
And what is renting to a tourist full-time rather than a resident doing to our neighbourhoods and cities?
An Airbnb host can setup a calendar for their listing so that it is only available for a few days or weeks a year.
Other listings are available all year round (except for when it is already booked).
Entire homes or apartments highly available year-round for tourists, probably don't have the owner present, could be illegal, and more importantly, are displacing residents.
Some Airbnb hosts have multiple listings.
A host may list separate rooms in the same apartment, or multiple apartments or homes available in their entirity.
Hosts with multiple listings are more likely to be running a business, are unlikely to be living in the property, and in violation of most short term rental laws designed to protect residential housing.
(## other listings)
$### income/month (est.)
X night minimum
x.x nights/year (est.)
##.#% occupancy rate (est.)
xxx days/year (##.#%)
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