According to Inside Airbnb data, there were 12,174 listings for Melbourne on Airbnb as at 5 December, 2016.
More than half (6,894 or 57%) of the listings on Airbnb in Melbourne are Entire Homes and Apartments - and more than a third (2,910 or 42% of the entire homes) are rented out frequently, for more than 90 nights out of the year (in fact, an estimated average of 193 nights per year!).
Entire residential homes and apartments rented out frequently without the owner or tenant present are a de-facto hotel, and this use of the platform alone puts into question the claims that Airbnb is part of a "sharing economy".
Short Term Rentals are currently operating largely unregulated in residential properties in the city of Melbourne, Victoria.
High profile attempts by Owner Corporations (backed by the City of Melbourne) to restrict short term rentals under the Building Act or Owners Corporation Rules have been unsuccessful, in rulings by the Victorian Building Appeals Board, Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT).
Some owners corporations have been successful in challenging short-stay operators, using their existing building's rules preventing businesses operating in the apartments, and although it's illegal for tenants to sublet (or "Airbnb") their apartments on Airbnb, the practice has been widely reported (here and here).
the panel is being asked to identify the issues; look at the overseas experience; and look at a possible list of solutions which range from legislative changes to self-regulation of the industry.
Inside Airbnb provides data compiled from the Airbnb web-site for listings available for Melbourne.
A conservative occupancy model has been built in order to estimate Occupancy Rates, Income per Month and Nights per Year. More information on the methodolgy of the occupancy model can be found in the disclaimers.
Inside Airbnb: Melbourne uses the following parameters:
Airbnb provides NO PUBLIC DATA to help understand the use of their platform and the impact on cities around the world.
Airbnb also provide NO DATA to cities or states to assist them in ensuring that Airbnb hosts and Airbnb are following the local laws.
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How is Airbnb really being used in and affecting your neighbourhoods?
Airbnb guests may leave a review after their stay, and these can be used as an indicator of airbnb activity.
The minimum stay, price and number of reviews have been used to estimate the occupancy rate, the number of nights per year and the income per month for each listing.
How does the income from Airbnb compare to a long-term lease?
Do the number of nights booked per year make it impossible for a listing to be used for residential housing?
And what is renting to a tourist full-time rather than a resident doing to our neighbourhoods and cities?
An Airbnb host can setup a calendar for their listing so that it is only available for a few days or weeks a year.
Other listings are available all year round (except for when it is already booked).
Entire homes or apartments highly available year-round for tourists, probably don't have the owner present, could be illegal, and more importantly, are displacing residents.
Some Airbnb hosts have multiple listings.
A host may list separate rooms in the same apartment, or multiple apartments or homes available in their entirity.
Hosts with multiple listings are more likely to be running a business, are unlikely to be living in the property, and in violation of most short term rental laws designed to protect residential housing.
(## other listings)
$### income/month (est.)
X night minimum
x.x nights/year (est.)
##.#% occupancy rate (est.)
xxx days/year (##.#%)
click listing on map to "pin" details