Vancouver Zoning and Development By-laws (Section 10.21.6) specifically disallows renting a "dwelling unit" for a period of less than one month unless the unit forms part of a hotel or is used for bed and breakfast accomodation.
While you may assume this might allow users of Airbnb, the City of Vancouver requires Bed and Breakfasts to be licensed by the city, and the "homeowner must live in the residence."
The following requirements are specifically mentioned in the Bed and Breakfast regulations:
It is highly unlikely that Airbnb hosts renting Entire Home apartments on the site (which form the majority of Airbnb listings) are meeting these requirements, and it is clear that while Airbnb is happy to receive revenue from these illegal conversions of residential properties, it does not accept any responsibility.
In addition, even private room rentals could be violating zoning laws - By-Laws (10.2.1) say that "No dwelling unit shall be used or occupied by more than one family, but it may also be used to keep a maximum of two boarders or lodgers". Tourists staying for a few nights would not be considered Boarders or Lodgers.
Most residential leases disallow sub-leasing without the owner's permission, and many building strata laws also disallow short-term rentals like that facilitated by Airbnb.
A conservative occupancy model has been built in order to estimate Occupancy Rates, Income per Month and Nights per Year. More information on the methodolgy of the occupancy model can be found in the disclaimers.
Inside Airbnb: Vancouver uses the following parameters:
If you are a data scientist, urban or public policy planner, researcher or journalist, get the data, analyze and publish your results.
If you would like your analysis hosted, or linked to from this site, please contact email@example.com.
Airbnb provides NO PUBLIC DATA to help understand the use of their platform and the impact on cities around the world.
Airbnb also provide NO DATA to cities or states to assist them in ensuring that Airbnb hosts and Airbnb are following the local laws.
A sincere thank you to Karen Sawatzky for her independent data collection in Vancouver; providing local knowledge and authority on the subject; and support and encouragement for the publishing of data for Vancouver.
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How is Airbnb really being used in and affecting your neighbourhoods?
Airbnb guests may leave a review after their stay, and these can be used as an indicator of airbnb activity.
The minimum stay, price and number of reviews have been used to estimate the occupancy rate, the number of nights per year and the income per month for each listing.
How does the income from Airbnb compare to a long-term lease?
Do the number of nights booked per year make it impossible for a listing to be used for residential housing?
And what is renting to a tourist full-time rather than a resident doing to our neighbourhoods and cities?
An Airbnb host can setup a calendar for their listing so that it is only available for a few days or weeks a year.
Other listings are available all year round (except for when it is already booked).
Entire homes or apartments highly available year-round for tourists, probably don't have the owner present, could be illegal, and more importantly, are displacing residents.
See the disclaimers for how the Airbnb calendar may not be accurate.
Some Airbnb hosts have multiple listings.
A host may list separate rooms in the same apartment, or multiple apartments or homes available in their entirity.
Hosts with multiple listings are more likely to be running a business, are unlikely to be living in the property, and in violation of most short term rental laws designed to protect residential housing.
(## other listings)
$### income/month (est.)
X night minimum
x.x nights/year (est.)
##.#% occupancy rate (est.)
xxx days/year (##.#%)
click listing on map to "pin" details