Locals (55,000) are outnumbered by day trippers alone, and overnight tourists which have traditionally stayed in hotels (regulated), are now starting to stay in (unregulated) residential properties through platforms like Airbnb, further adding to an affordable housing crisis, and accelerating changes to the lived city.
According to Inside Airbnb data compiled on May 9th 2017, there are more than 6,000 listings in the Commune of Venezia, with more than 80% of listings located on the traditionally touristed historic island.
On the mainland, with a modest 1,015 listings, a relatively high percentage of listings (47% or 472) are "private" rooms, suggesting that Airbnb hosts are residents there - however on closer inpection, we see that 392 are multiple listings (83% of the mainland total for private rooms), listings where the host has more than one listing, which usually implies that the hosts are not just sharing their home(s), but running a full-time business, renting out multiple rooms.
On the islands of Venice, with 5,012 listings, the vast majority (3,997 or 80%) are for entire apartments. Almost 2,000 apartments (1,953) are estimated to be rented frequently (an occupancy of more than 90 nights per year) on average at €131/night for 195 nights of the year. Entire apartments on Airbnb rented frequently are most probably unlicensed hotels in residential properties.
A conservative occupancy model has been built in order to estimate Occupancy Rates, Income per Month and Nights per Year. More information on the methodolgy of the occupancy model can be found in the disclaimers.
Inside Airbnb: Venice uses the following parameters:
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Airbnb provides NO PUBLIC DATA to help understand the use of their platform and the impact on cities around the world.
Airbnb also provide NO DATA to cities or states to assist them in ensuring that Airbnb hosts and Airbnb are following the local laws.
Inside Airbnb: Venice was released in partnership with RESET VENEZIA, a group of local activists whose goal is to infect the local political and cultural system with the virus of innovation and accountability.
RESET VENEZIA wants to link Venice with all those places in the world where there are talented individuals, groups, movements and laboratories where people are shaping a more sustainable future, and in the process try to find answers to the gangrenous problems that afflict their own town.
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How is Airbnb really being used in and affecting your neighbourhoods?
Airbnb guests may leave a review after their stay, and these can be used as an indicator of airbnb activity.
The minimum stay, price and number of reviews have been used to estimate the occupancy rate, the number of nights per year and the income per month for each listing.
How does the income from Airbnb compare to a long-term lease?
Do the number of nights booked per year make it impossible for a listing to be used for residential housing?
And what is renting to a tourist full-time rather than a resident doing to our neighbourhoods and cities?
An Airbnb host can setup a calendar for their listing so that it is only available for a few days or weeks a year.
Other listings are available all year round (except for when it is already booked).
Entire homes or apartments highly available year-round for tourists, probably don't have the owner present, could be illegal, and more importantly, are displacing residents.
Some Airbnb hosts have multiple listings.
A host may list separate rooms in the same apartment, or multiple apartments or homes available in their entirity.
Hosts with multiple listings are more likely to be running a business, are unlikely to be living in the property, and in violation of most short term rental laws designed to protect residential housing.
(## other listings)
$### income/month (est.)
X night minimum
x.x nights/year (est.)
##.#% occupancy rate (est.)
xxx days/year (##.#%)
click listing on map to "pin" details